If you're new to the world of fishing and are looking for a thrilling challenge, sturgeon fishing might be just the thing for you. Sturgeons are large, freshwater fish that can put up quite a fight, making them a popular choice for sport fishing. But before you can reel in your first sturgeon, you'll need to get your fishing setup right. This guide will walk you through everything you need to know, from choosing the right gear to understanding the best techniques.

Understanding Sturgeon Fishing

Sturgeon fishing is a unique experience, largely because of the size and strength of the fish. Sturgeons can grow up to 20 feet long and weigh as much as 1,800 pounds. They're also known for their powerful runs and high jumps, which can make reeling them in a real challenge.

But don't let that intimidate you. With the right gear and techniques, even beginners can successfully catch sturgeon. The key is to be patient, persistent, and prepared.

Why Sturgeon Fishing?

There are many reasons why anglers are drawn to sturgeon fishing. For one, sturgeons are a prehistoric species that have been around for over 200 million years. Catching such a historic creature can be a thrilling experience.

Sturgeon fishing also offers a unique challenge. These fish are known for their strength and endurance, which can make for a long and exciting fight. Plus, the sheer size of sturgeon means that catching one can be a real achievement.

Choosing Your Gear

When it comes to sturgeon fishing, having the right gear is crucial. This includes everything from your rod and reel to your line and bait. Here's what you'll need:

Rod and Reel

For sturgeon fishing, you'll want a heavy-duty rod and reel. Look for a rod that's at least 7 feet long and has a strong backbone. This will help you handle the weight and power of a sturgeon.

As for the reel, a large-capacity reel is a must. Sturgeons are known for their long runs, so you'll need plenty of line. A reel with a strong drag system is also important, as this will help you control the fish.

Line and Hooks

When it comes to line, go for a heavy braided line. This type of line is strong and durable, which is exactly what you need when you're dealing with a powerful fish like a sturgeon.

As for hooks, circle hooks are a popular choice for sturgeon fishing. These hooks are designed to hook the fish in the corner of the mouth, which can make releasing the fish easier and safer.


Sturgeons are bottom feeders, which means they eat a variety of things, including worms, clams, and small fish. When choosing your bait, it's a good idea to use something that's native to the area where you're fishing.

Remember, sturgeons have a keen sense of smell, so using a bait that's fresh and fragrant can help attract them.

Setting Up Your Gear

Once you have all your gear, it's time to set it up. Here's a step-by-step guide:

  1. Attach your reel to your rod. Make sure it's securely fastened.
  2. Thread your line through the guides on your rod.
  3. Attach your hook to your line. You can do this using a variety of knots, but the Palomar knot is a popular choice for its strength and simplicity.
  4. Add your bait to your hook. Make sure it's securely attached.
  5. Cast your line into the water. Aim for areas where sturgeons are likely to be, such as deep pools or areas with slow-moving water.

Finding a Fishing Spot

Finding the right spot to fish can be a challenge, especially if you're new to the area. Here are some tips to help you find the perfect spot:

  • Look for deep pools. Sturgeons are bottom dwellers, so they're often found in deep areas of the river or lake.
  • Pay attention to the current. Sturgeons prefer slow-moving water, so areas with a slow current can be a good place to fish.
  • Consider the time of year. Sturgeons are more active during certain times of the year, such as the spring and fall. During these times, they're often found in shallow areas of the water.

If you're having trouble finding a good spot, consider booking a fishing charter. Many charter companies offer sturgeon fishing trips and can take you to some of the best spots. Check out Getmyboat for a wide selection of fishing charters in your area.

Understanding Sturgeon Behavior

Understanding the behavior of sturgeons can help you become a more successful angler. Here are some things to keep in mind:

  • Sturgeons are bottom dwellers. They spend most of their time near the bottom of the river or lake, so you'll need to make sure your bait is on or near the bottom.
  • Sturgeons have a keen sense of smell. They use their sense of smell to find food, so using a fragrant bait can help attract them.
  • Sturgeons are more active during certain times of the year. In the spring and fall, sturgeons are often more active and easier to catch.

Sturgeon Fishing Techniques

There are several techniques you can use when fishing for sturgeon. Here are a few to consider:

Bottom Bouncing

Bottom bouncing is a popular technique for sturgeon fishing. This involves casting your line into the water and then slowly reeling it in, allowing your bait to bounce along the bottom. This can help attract sturgeons, as it mimics the movement of their natural prey.

Still Fishing

Still fishing is another common technique. This involves casting your line into the water and then waiting for a sturgeon to bite. This can be a good technique to use if you're fishing in an area with a slow current.


Trolling involves moving slowly through the water while your line is in the water. This can be a good technique to use if you're fishing in a large area or if you're trying to cover a lot of ground.


Sturgeon fishing can be a thrilling experience, but it requires the right gear and techniques. By understanding the behavior of sturgeons and choosing the right gear, you can increase your chances of success. Remember, patience and persistence are key when it comes to sturgeon fishing. So get out there, enjoy the experience, and good luck!

Ready for Your Sturgeon Adventure?

Now that you're equipped with the knowledge for a successful sturgeon fishing trip, why not make it a boat day with Getmyboat? As the #1 app for boat rentals and charters, Getmyboat offers you the chance to find and book the perfect vessel for your fishing endeavors. Whether you're after a captained experience to guide you to the best sturgeon spots or prefer the freedom of a drive-it-yourself rental, we've got you covered. With over 150,000 boats ready to rent and charter in top boating destinations, your next big catch is just a click away. Message boat owners, book securely online, and enjoy flexible refund conditions. Don't wait any longer to create unforgettable memories on the water—make it a boat day with Getmyboat!